Kinnaur Tourism, Kinnaur Travel Guide, Kinnaur Tour

About Kinnaur

Kinnaur, popularly known as the Land of Fairy Tales, is a wonderful place located in an exquisite setting with many snow clad mountains, lush green valleys, fast flowing rivers, ripe orchards and many vineyards. Kinnaur is a district located in the northeastern part of the state of Himachal Pradesh in India which is surrounded by the Tibet to the east. The district is divided into three administrative areas – Pooh, Kalpa, and Nichar. The administrative headquarters of Kinnaur district is at Reckong Peo. Sangla Valley and the Hangrang Valley are the two main valleys of Kinnaur region. The Sangla Valley is covered with orchards and plantation crop, whereas the Hangrang Valley has natural lush green scenery. It has three high mountains ranges, namely, Zanskar, Himalayas and Dhauldhar. Most of the villages of Kinnaur lie at quite a high altitude (close to 4000m). Kinnaur Kailash, considered to be the abode of Lord Shiva, can be viewed from Kinnaur.

In fact Kinnaur comes under the tribal zone of [HP]. Kinnaur region is quite remote, underdeveloped and not much visited by tourists, due to its steep and difficult mountainous terrain and very cold climatic conditions. But because of the remoteness of the region, its natural beauty is still virgin and not yet spoilt by the influx of visitors/ tourists.

Kinnaur has many different species of flora and fauna and the culture of the region has a striking resemblance to the Tibetan culture. The people generally follow Buddhism and Hinduism; tourists can still see thousands of year old monasteries in this area. Apples, chilgoza (chestnut) and other dry fruits are grown here. The region is also known for adventures and sports. Trekking routes include the 'Parikarma of Kinnaur Kailash'. The journey from Shimla to Kinnaur by road is awesome. It's a dry and very cold area and the roads are very narrow, therefore it doesn’t attract a huge crowd of tourists.

History of Kinnaur

Historical evidences of Kinnaur are not much clear; it was once known as Kanaurra or Kinnaura. As per mythological belief, the area consist in Kinnaur was inhabited by tribes in the early ages. It is mentioned in Mahabharat as Kinnerdesh of Kimpurusha Khand which was visited by the Pandavas of during their periods of exile. Later on, Kinnaur became a part of the Magadha kingdom during the 6th century BCE, which was followed by the Mauryan Empire. Between the 9th and 12th centuries, it was believed to be come under the influence of the Guge kingdom of Tibet.

Later, Kinnaur was divided into seven parts, known as Sat Khund; some small chiefdom had been formed in the region, which fought with one another for power. Forts of Labrang, Moorang, and Kamru are the evidence of the history of conflict of this region, which lasted until Emperor Akbar conquered the region and incorporated the Mughal Empire into the Kinnaur valley. 

After the collapse of the Mughal Empire, Nepalese troops captured the state. They were defeated by the British. Thereafter Kinnaur remained under the control of the British till India's independence in 1947. After that Kinnaur formed the Chini Tehsil of Mahasu District which played an important role in the history of Kinnaur. The Kinnaur district was formed on May 1, 1960 as part of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.

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