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About Dwarka - Gujarat Tourism

Dwarka, also known as the kingdom of Lord Krishna, is an important pilgrimage site that is considered as synonymous to Lord Krishna. As per Hindu mythology, thousands of year ago, Lord Krishna after leaving Mathura settled his empire in this city. Dwarka is one of the four major pilgrim destinations for Hindus, also known as 'Char Dham' among tourists. The city is also known among travellers for being one of the seven ancient cities in India, also known as Sapta Puris. 

The city is located on the westernmost tip of Gujarat famous among tourists for its magnificent Lord Krishna temple situated at the confluence of River Gomti and Arabian Sea. This holy city has many religious tourist attractions in the form of temples including Swaminarayan temple, Rukmini temple, Jagat Mandir, and Gomti Ghat temples. Dwarka is also home to one of the four 'maths,' which were established by Adi Shankaracharya. Well known Sharda Peeth that is a famous research center of Sanskrit literature is also located here. 

There are many legends connected with Dwarka. Ranchhodraiji, a popular name of Lord Krishna in Gujarat, said to have left Mathura to avoid war and moved his kingdom to Dwarka. It is said that the original city is believed to be built in Gold by Vishwakarma - the architect of Hinduism. After spending about 100 years here, Lord Krishna abandoned his body and later the city was submerged in the sea. It is believed that Dwarka city was built 7 times, and the present one is the 7th city built with stone and brick on the edge of the Kutch peninsula, facing the Arabian Sea. Dwarka extends up to Bet Dwarka (Sankhodhara) in the north, Okhamadhi in the south and Pindara in the East.

Some recent archaelogical excavations in Dwarka region have confirmed the existence of a metropolitan city in the past that was destroyed by sea. The search for the lost city started in earlier 30s and the remarkable breakthrough was achieved during the years 1983 - 1990. The archaeologists have found copper coins, city foundations, potter samples and old constructions. 

Dwarka History - Gujarat Tourism

Krishna, the 8th incarnation of the Hindu deity Vishnu, left Mathura to avoid war with Kansa's father-in-law Jarasandh. Krishna left the battle grounds to avoid any further casualties to Yadavs and began to be known as Ranchhodji (one who leaves the battle grounds). Lord Krishna, along with the Yadav dynasty, established his kingdom at Bet Dwarka, with the help of Vishwakarma, the celestial architect of Hinduism. The city of Dwarka was considered to be full of wealth and oppulence, and Krishna came to be known as Dwarkadheesh (King of Dwarka).

Krishna was accidentally shot by an arrow at Bhalka Tirtha and finally left his body in Dehotsargh, where he was cremated by Arjun. The death of Krishna symbolized the beginning of the Kali-yuga, an age of strife, discord and quarrel. After Krishna's death a massive flood swallowed up Dwarka and the whole city was submerged under the sea. It is believed that Dwarka city was later reconstructed 6 times by various civilizations and the current Dwarka city is the 7th reconstructed city.

Recent archaeological findings have indicated that there was a huge city in 2nd millennium BC that extended from present Dwarka to Bet Dwarka in the north, Okhamadhi in the south, and Pindara in the east.

   

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